Sistem Pemantau Kualitas Udara Tanpa Kabel (SPIKUN)

  • Alat Laboratorium Lingkungan – Sistem Pemantau Index Kualitas Udara Tanpa Kabel (SPIKUN)

    1. Alat Laboratorium Lingkungan
    2. Sistem Pemantau Index Kualitas Udara Tanpa Kabel
    3. SPIKUN
    4. ISPU / Index Standard Pencemaran Udara
    • Waspmote Plug & Sense!
    • Sensor Probes
    • Solar Powered
    • Sensor Probes
    • Air Quality Index
    • Etc

    Category: .

Description

Alat Laboratorium Lingkungan – Sistem Pemantau Index Kualitas Udara Tanpa Kabel (SPIKUN)

Waspmote Plug & Sense!

Quick Overview

Waspmote Plug & Sense!

The new Waspmote Plug & Sense! line allows you to easily deploy wireless sensor networks in a easy and scalable way ensuring minimum maintenance costs. The new platform consists of a robust waterproof enclosure with specific external sockets to connect the sensors, the solar panel, the antenna and even the USB cable in order to reprogram the node. It has been specially designed to be scalable, easy to deploy and maintain.

Features

  • Robust waterproof IP65 enclosure
  • Add or change a sensor probe in seconds
  • Solar powered with internal and external panel options
  • Radios available: Zigbee, 802.15.4, Wifi, 868MHz, 900MHz and 3G/GPRS
  • Over the air programming (OTAP) of multiple nodes at  once
  • Special holders and brackets ready for installation in street lights and building fronts
  • Graphical and intuitive programming interface

Sensor Probes

Sensor probes can be easily attached by just screwing them into the bottom sockets. This allows you to add new sensing capabilities to existing networks just in minutes. In the same way, sensor probes may be easily replaced in order to ensure the lowest maintenance cost of the sensor network.

Figure 1: Connecting a sensor probe to Waspmote Plug & Sense!

Solar Powered

Battery can be recharged using the internal or external solar panel options.

The external solar panel is mounted on a 45º holder which ensures the maximum performance of each outdoor installation.

Figure 2: Waspmote Plug & Sense! powered by an external solar panel

For the internal option, the solar panel is embedded on the front of the enclosure, perfect for use where space is a major challenge.

Figure 3: Internal solar panel

 Figure 4: Waspmote Plug & Sense! powered by an internal solar panel

Programming the Nodes

Waspmote Plug & Sense! can be reprogrammed in two  ways:

The basic programming is done from the USB port. Just connect the USB to the specific external socket and then to the computer to upload the new firmware.

Figure 5: Programming a node

Over the Air Programming is also possible once the node has been installed. With this technique you can reprogram wirelessly one or more Waspmote sensor nodes at the same time by using a laptop and the Waspmote Gateway.

Figure 6: Typical OTA process

Radio Interfaces

Model Protocol Frequency txPower Sensitivity Range *
XBee-802.15.4-Pro 802.15.4 2.4GHz 100mW -100dBm 7000m
XBee-ZB-Pro ZigBee-Pro 2.4GHz 50mW -102dBm 7000m
XBee-868 RF 868MHz 315mW -112dBm 12km
XBee-900 RF 900MHz 50mW -100dBm 10Km
Wifi 802.11b/g 2.4GHz 0dBm – 12dBm -83dBm 50m-500m
GPRS 850MHz/900MHz/

1800MHz/1900MHz

2W(Class4) 850MHz/900MHz,

1W(Class1) 1800MHz/1900MHz

-109dBm
3G/GPRS Tri-Band UMTS UMTS 900/1900/2100 0,25W -106dBm  …
2100/1900/900MHz

Quad-Band GSM/EDGE,

GSM 850MHz/900MHz 2W  ..
850/900/1800/1900 MHz DCS1800MHz/PCS1900MHz 1W  ..
  • Line of sight and Fresnel zone clearance with 5dBi dipole antenna

Program in minutes

In order to program the nodes an intuitive graphic interface has been developed. Developers just need to fill a web form in  order to obtain the complete source code for the sensor nodes. This means the complete program for an specific application   can be generated just in minutes. Check the Code Generator to see how easy it is  at:

http://www.libelium.com/development/plug_&_sense/sdk_and_applications/code_generator

Figure 7: Code Generator

Data to the Cloud

The Sensor data gathered by the Waspmote Plug & Sense! nodes is sent to the Cloud by Meshlium, the Gateway router specially designed to connect Waspmote sensor networks to the Internet via Ethernet, Wifi and 3G interfaces.

Figure 8: Meshlium

Now it is much easier to receive frames Waspmote to Meshlium in an automatic way. Inside the “Sensor Network” section, the user can use the new feature Sensor Parser.

Meshlium Storage Options:

 

  • Local Data Base
  • External Data Base

Meshlium Connection Options:

 

  • ZigBee → Ethernet
  • ZigBee → Wifi
  • ZigBee → 3G/GPRS

Models

There are some defined configurations of Waspmote Plug & Sense! depending on which sensors are going to be used. Waspmote Plug & Sense! configurations allows connecting up to six sensor probes at the same time.

Each model takes a different conditioning circuit to enable the sensor integration. For this reason each model allows to connect just its specific sensors.

This section describes each model configuration in detail, showing the sensors which can be used in each case and how to connect them to Waspmote. In many cases, the sensor sockets accept the connection of more than one sensor probe. See the compatibility table for each model configuration to choose the best probe combination for the application.

Figure 9: Identification of sensor sockets

Smart Enviroment

Smart Environment model is designed to monitor environmental parameters such as temperature, humidity, atmospheric pressure and some types of gases. The main applications for this Waspmote Plug & Sense! configuration are city pollution measurement, emissions from farms and hatcheries, control of chemical and industrial processes, forest fires, etc. Go to the application section in the Libelium website for a complete list of services.

Figure 10: Smart Environment Waspmote Plug & Sense! model

Sensor sockets are configured as shown in the figure below.

Sensor Socket Sensor probes allowed for each sensor socket
Parameter Reference
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A

Temperature 9203
Carbon monoxide – CO 9229
Methane – CH4 9232
Ammonia – NH3 9233
Liquid Petroleum Gases: H2, CH4, ethanol, isobutene.  

9234

Air pollutants 1: C4H10, CH3CH2OH, H2, CO, CH4  

9235

Air pollutants 2: C6H5CH3, H2S, CH3CH2OH, NH3, H2  

9236

Alcohol derivates: CH3CH2OH, H2, C4H10, CO, CH4  

9237

 

B

Humidity 9204
Atmospheric pressure 9250
C Carbon dioxide – CO2 9230
D Nitrogen dioxide – NO2 9238
 

 

E

Ozone – O3 9258
Hydrocarbons  – VOC 9201
Oxygen – O2 9231
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

F

Carbon monoxide – CO 9229
Methane – CH4 9232
Ammonia – NH3 9233
Liquid Petroleum Gases: H2, CH4, ethanol, isobutene.  

9234

Air pollutants 1: C4H10, CH3CH2OH, H2, CO, CH4  

9235

Air pollutants 2: C6H5CH3, H2S, CH3CH2OH, NH3, H2  

9236

Alcohol derivates: CH3CH2OH, H2, C4H10, CO, CH4  

9237

Figure 11: Sensor sockets configuration for Smart Environment model 

Smart Security

The main applications for this Waspmote Plug & Sense! configuration are perimeter access control, liquid presence detection and doors and windows openings.

Figure 12: Smart Security Waspmote Plug & Sense! model

Note: The probes attached in this photo could not match the final location. See next table for the correct configuration.

Sensor Socket Sensor probes allowed for each sensor socket
Parameter Reference
A Temperature + Humidity (Sensirion) 9247
B Liquid flow 9296, 9297, 9298
C Presence – PIR 9212
 

 

D

Luminosity (LDR) 9205
Liquid level 9239, 9240, 9242
Liquid presence 9243
Hall effect 9207
 

 

E

Luminosity (LDR) 9205
Liquid level 9239, 9240, 9242
Liquid presence 9243
Hall effect 9207
 

 

F

Luminosity (LDR) 9205
Liquid level 9239, 9240, 9242
Liquid presence 9243
Hall effect 9207

Figure 13: Sensor sockets configuration for Smart Security model

As we see in the figure below, thanks to the directional probe, the presence sensor probe (PIR) may be placed in different positions. The sensor can be focused directly to the point we  want.

Figure 14: Configurations of the Presence sensor probe (PIR)

Smart Metering

The main applications for this Waspmote Plug & Sense! model are energy measurement, water consumption, pipe leakage detection, liquid storage management, tanks and silos level control, supplies control in manufacturing, industrial automation, agricultural irrigation, etc. Go to the application section in the Libelium website for a complete list of services.

Figure 15: Smart Metering Waspmote Plug & Sense! model

Sensor sockets are configured as shown in the figure below.

Sensor Socket Sensor probes allowed for each sensor socket
Parameter Reference
 

A

Temperature 9203
Soil temperature 86949*
B Humidity 9204
 

C

Ultrasound  (distance measurement) 9246
Liquid flow 9296, 9297, 9298
D Current sensor 9266
 

E

Ultrasound  (distance measurement) 9246
Liquid flow 9296, 9297, 9298
F Luminosity (LDR) 9205

Figure 16: Sensor sockets configuration for Smart Metering model

* Ask Libelium Sales Department for more   information.

As we see in the figure below, thanks to the directional probe, the ultrasound sensor probe may be placed in different positions. The sensor can be focused directly to the point we want to  measure.

Figure 17: Configurations of the ultrasound sensor probe

Smart Cities

The main applications for this Waspmote Plug & Sense! model are noise maps (monitor in real time the acoustic levels in the streets of a city), air quality, waste management, structural health, smart lighting, etc. Refer to Libelium website for more information.

Figure 18: Smart Cities Waspmote Plug & Sense! model

Sensor sockets are configured as shown in the figure below.

Sensor Socket Sensor probes allowed for each sensor socket
Parameter Reference
 

A

Temperature 9203
Soil temperature 86949*
Ultrasound  (distance measurement) 9246
 

B

Humidity 9204
Ultrasound  (distance measurement) 9246
C Luminosity (LDR) 9205
D Noise sensor 9259
E Dust sensor 9320
F Linear  displacement 9319

Figure 19: Sensor sockets configuration for Smart Cities model

* Ask Libelium Sales Department for more   information.

As we see in the figure below, thanks to the directional probe, the ultrasound sensor probe may be placed in different positions. The sensor can be focused directly to the point we want to  measure.

Figure 20: Configurations of the ultrasound sensor probe

Smart Parking

Smart Parking allows to detect available parking spots by placing the node under the pavement. It works with a magnetic   sensor which detects when a vehicle is present or not. Waspmote Plug & Sense! can act as a repeater for a Smart Parking  node.

Figure 21: Smart Parking enclosure

Sensor sockets are no used for this model.

Smart Agriculture

The Smart Agriculture models allow to monitor multiple environmental parameters involving a wide range of applications. It    has been provided with sensors for air and soil temperature and humidity (Sensirion), solar visible radiation, wind speed and direction, rainfall, atmospheric pressure , etc.

The main applications for this Waspmote Plug & Sense! model are precision agriculture, irrigation systems, greenhouses, weather stations, etc. Refer to Libelium website for more  information.

Two variants are possible for this model, normal and PRO. Next section describes each configuration in detail.

Figure 22: Smart Agriculture Waspmote Plug & Sense! model

Normal

Sensor sockets are configured as shown in the figure below.

Sensor Socket Sensor probes allowed for each sensor socket
Parameter Reference
A Humidity + Temperature (Sensirion) 9247
B Atmospheric pressure 9250
 

C

Soil temperature 86949*
Soil moisture 9248
D Weathermeters + pluviometer 9256
E Soil moisture 9248
 

F

Leaf wetness 9249
Soil moisture 9248

Figure 23: Sensor sockets configuration for Smart Agriculture model

* Ask Libelium Sales Department for more   information

PRO

Sensor sockets are configured as shown in the figure below.

Sensor Socket Sensor probes allowed for each sensor socket
Parameter Reference
A Humidity + Temperature (Sensirion) 9247
B Soil temperature 9255
C Solar radiation 9251, 9257
 

D

Soil temperature 86949*
Soil moisture 9248
 

E

Dendrometers 9252, 9253, 9254
Soil moisture 9248
 

F

Lear wetness 9249
Soil moisture 9248

Figure 24: Sensor sockets configuration for Smart Agriculture PRO model

* Ask Libelium Sales Department for more   information.

Ambient Control

This model is designed to monitor main environment parameters in an easy way. Only three sensor probes are allowed for this model, as shown in next table.

Figure 25: Ambient Control Waspmote Plug & Sense! model

Sensor sockets are configured as it is shown in figure  below.

Sensor Socket Sensor probes allowed for each sensor socket
Parameter Reference
A Humidity + Temperature (Sensirion) 9247
B Luminosity (LDR) 9205
C Luminosity (Luxes accuracy) 9325
D Not used
E Not used
F Not used

Figure 26: Sensor sockets configuration for Ambient Control model

As we see in the figure below, thanks to the directional probe, the Luminosity (Luxes accuracy) sensor probe may be placed in different positions. The sensor can be focused directly to the light source we want to measure.

Figure 27: Configurations of the Luminosity sensor probe (luxes accuracy)

Radiation Control

The main application for this Waspmote Plug & Sense! configuration is to measure radiation levels using a Geiger sensor. For this model, the Geiger tube is already included inside Waspmote, so the user does not have to connect any sensor probe to the enclosure. The rest of the other sensor sockets are not used.

Figure 28: Radiation Control Waspmote Plug & Sense! model

Sensor sockets are not used for this model.

Documentation changelog

Added references to 3G/GPRS Board in section: Radio  Interfaces

Certifications

  • CE (Europe)
  • FCC (USA)
  • IC (Canada)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Document version: v4.2 – 04/2013

© Libelium Comunicaciones Distribuidas  S.L.

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